Recently identified risks and signals

The identification of emerging risks is an ongoing process. The external communication of emerging risks is a complex task, with the methods, timing and target audience being determined on a case-by-case basis. Depending on the nature of the issue, the target group may be the authority (in particular the National Food Chain Safety Office – NÉBIH), senior managers, the professional community, food businesses or the wider community, consumers interested in the issue, etc. Not only emerging risks requiring action may be communicated, but some issues may also help to promote research or be important due to their educational character, and therefore may be communicated through communication channels such as the DFI's website.

Plant-based and vegan infant formula

Plant-based diets are not only common among adults, the trend is also gaining popularity in the feeding of children and babies. The infant nutrition category is among the most strictly regulated product area, since infants are the most vulnerable group of society and the resctricted variety of their diet makes them more exposed to any contaminants in their food.

Food safety risks posed by the consumption of sea cucumbers

Sea cucumbers are an important food item in Asian and Pacific cuisines, with China being the largest consumer. Consumption of sea cucumbers is expanding in Asia, due to a large and growing population, urbanization, increase in income. In addition, the expansion of international trade has been growing as well.

Flu that spread from wild birds to mink

A study published in the medical journal Eurosurveillance is raising global alarm as it suggests that the recent outbreak of avian flu on a Spanish mink farm stemmed from wild birds.

Seaweed – potential risks and new uses

The world is facing a significant food security crisis, with 2 billion people suffering from moderate or severe food insecurity. To address this issue, novel foods such as seaweeds are being explored as a potential solution to increase food yields and prevent global food shortages.

Risks of phthalates and their migration from food packaging materials

Phthalates are commonly used in plastic packaging as plasticizers and have been associated with several human health outcomes such as lower semen quality, neurodevelopmental effects, childhood asthma, Type 2 diabetes, as well as breast and uterine cancer. New studies evaluated phthalate leaching from food packaging, and their mixture risks.

Pheophorbides in seaweed products

Marine algae are widely used in food and feed. A number of risks have been identified in relation of their consumption, including pheophorbides.

Unknown viruses in melting permafrost

A team of Russian, German and French researchers have extracted and studied viruses from Siberian permafrost. Based on the study, scientists have re-animated 13 new pathogens, which they have dubbed "zombie viruses".

EU Court overturns ban on titanium dioxide

The Court of Justice of the European Union has ruled to annul the European Commission’s 2019 classification of titanium dioxide, which is also known as E171 and is used to add white color to foods, as a carcinogen. According to the court’s ruling, the assessment of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) in 2017 – which the EC classification was based on, contained a manifest error.

Enhancing bread quality and shelf life

A research published in 2022 aimed to develop an approach for the enhancement of the quality aspects and longevity of bread, with the immobilization on an Aspergillus niger-purified enzyme on zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnONPs) and immersing in a buffered solution to create a mixture of GOx/ZnONPs.

Low iron intake in infants and young children in Australia

Research in South Australia has found that infants and young children do not consume enough iron, a nutrient playing an important role in childhood development concerning the brain and neurological development and also in the functioning of red blood cells.

Balantioides coli Fecal Excretion in Hunted Wild Cervids from Portugal

Balantioides coli is a zoonotic enteric parasite of worldwide distribution that can cause mild to life-threatening diseases in humans and animals. An article published in 2022 presented the results of a study on the occurrence of Balantioides coli in wild cervids in Portugal, Europe.

Methods to stop antimicrobial resistance

Antibiotic-resistant bacteria have been a growing problem due to the overuse of antibiotics in human health and agriculture and inadequate infection prevention and control.

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