Recently identified risks and signals

The identification of emerging risks is an ongoing process. The external communication of emerging risks is a complex task, with the methods, timing and target audience being determined on a case-by-case basis. Depending on the nature of the issue, the target group may be the authority (in particular the National Food Chain Safety Office – NÉBIH), senior managers, the professional community, food businesses or the wider community, consumers interested in the issue, etc. Not only emerging risks requiring action may be communicated, but some issues may also help to promote research or be important due to their educational character, and therefore may be communicated through communication channels such as the DFI's website.

New theory about spread of antibiotic resistance

​Pathogenic bacteria in humans are developing resistance to antibiotics much faster than expected. A new computational research shows that one reason could be significant genetic transfer between bacteria in our ecosystems and to humans.

Spread of Burkholderia pseudomallei

The bacterium has caused outbreaks in the US in recent years. Because of climate change, we should expect it to appear in Europe and in Hungary sooner or later.

Brucella canis cases in several EU Member States

Authorities in several EU Member States (France, Italy, Sweden, the Netherlands, Portugal) and the United Kingdom are raising awareness of Brucella canis outbreaks and infestations, mainly in imported dogs.

Nutritional impact of plant-based meat and dairy alternatives

The popularity of plant-based meat and dairy products has increased significantly in recent years, creating a new market for these products. While these alternatives may be useful as a practical replacements for meat and dairy products, from a nutritional point of view they cannot be considered as substitutes.

Exploring arcobacter risk to the food industry and human health

A research team from the University of the Basque Country has conducted a study into the prevalence and characterisation of bacteria of the Arcobacter genus using a large number of samples of different foods (seafood, vegetables, meat products and fresh cheese), including some that have never been analysed in our environment previously. In addition, they have studied the ability of these bacteria to adhere to various surfaces frequently found in food processing environments.

Essential oils and nanoparticles for antimicrobial use

Currently, research is increasing on the use of plant-derived substances and essential oils against food pathogens, due to their antimicrobial effect. According to the current trend, chemical substances are used in the smallest possible amount, therefore essential oils can be suitable alternatives to chemical antimicrobial substances. Various beneficial effects can be achieved in combination with nanoparticles (e.g. controlled release of the active ingredient). Below is a short summary of the publications that have come to our attention on the subject.

Increasing number of intoxications by the mushroom Chlorophyllum molybdites in Italy

The case was presented by the Member State representative at a meeting of EFSA's Emerging Risks Network (EREN).

Increasing geographical distribution of a leafhopper harmful to vines towards Western Europe

Initially discovered in Japan, the Asian leafhopper Arboridia kakogawana has been recently identified in Europe.

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